Lolo Matalasi Moliga
Governer of American Samoa
GDP – US$575 million (2007 estimate, purchasing power parity method).
GDP per capita – US$8,000 per capita (2007 estimate).
Exports – US$446 million (2004 fiscal year estimate).
Main Exports – Canned tuna (93%), fresh fruit and vegetables.
Export Partners – Samoa (40%); Australia (20%); Japan (15%); NZ (11%). (2004).
Imports – US$308.8 million (2004 fiscal year estimate).
Main Imports – Materials for canneries (56%); food; petroleum products; machinery and parts.
Import Partners – Japan (31%); New Zealand (28%); Germany (17%); Australia (9%). (2004).
Inflation – 4.9% (2005).
Budget – US$155 million in income, US$184 million in expenditure (2007 fiscal year).
The canneries for several years benefited from tax relief under US “Section 936″ legislation, but closures in 2009 have caused economic stress. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa’s economic well-being, with additional post-disaster support since the tsunami.
Land Area – 199 sq km (over 5 islands and 2 atolls).
Population – 66,432 (July 2010 estimate).
Capital City – Pago Pago.
Religion – Christian Congregational: 50%, Roman Catholic: 20%, Protestant and other: 30%.
Official Languages – Samoan and English.
Currency – US Dollar.
EEZ – 200 nautical miles.
Government Website: Click Here
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Eloy S. Inos
Governor of the Commonwealth of Northern Marianas
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands benefits from substantial subsidies and development assistance from the federal government of the United States. The Economy also relies heavily on tourism, especially from Japan, and the rapidly dwindling garment manufacturing sector. The tourism industry has also been dwindling since late 2005. As of late 2006, tourist arrivals fell 15.23% (73,000 potential visitors) from the eleven months prior.
The Northern Mariana Islands had successfully used its position as a free trade area with the U.S. Agricultural production, primarily of tapioca, cattle, coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons, exists, but is relatively unimportant in the Economy.
Non-native Islanders are not allowed to own land, but can lease it.
The Northern Mariana Islands, together with Guam to the South, compose the Mariana Islands. The Southern Islands are limestone, with level terraces and fringing coral reefs. The Northern Islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on Anatahan, Pagan and Agrihan. The volcano on Agrihan has the highest elevation at 3,166 feet
Prime Minister for Cook Islands
The Economy is strongly affected by geography. Tourism provides the economic base which makes up approximately 67.5% of GDP. The Cook Islands is expanding its agriculture, mining and fishing sectors.
The Cook Islands are in the South Pacific Ocean, Northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and American Samoa. There are 15 major islands spread over 2.2 million km² of ocean, divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands of coral atolls.
The Islands were formed by volcanic activity; the Northern group is older and consists of six atolls, which are sunken volcanoes topped by coral growth. The climate is moderate to tropical.
The 15 islands and two reefs are grouped as follows:
Southern Cook Islands:
Nga-pu-Toru (“Three Roots”, the Eastern Islands):
Atiu (Enua Manu or Island of Birds)
Manihiki (Te Fuinga o Niva)Nassau (Te Nuku o Ngalewu )
Penrhyn Island (Tongareva or Mangarongaro)
Pukapuka (Te Ulu o te Watu)
Suwarrow also called Suvorov
Tema Reef (submerged)
Aitutaki (Araura Enua)
Mangaia (Auau Enua)
Rarotonga (Tumutevarovaro), with the capital, Avarua.
Palmerston Island (Pamati) sometimes grouped with the Northern Group.
Winslow Reef (submerged)
Federated States of Micronesia
President of Federated States of Micronesia
The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia continues to promote investment in Micronesia. Political stability, democratic government, the FSM/US Compact Relationship and an excellent telecommunications infrastructure are among the many reasons to invest in the FSM.
The national government of the Federated States of Micronesia has three branches: the Executive, Legislative, and the Judiciary.
The sectors which seem to offer the most potential for near – term income generation are Fisheries and Tourism. Agriculture has some potential, particularly for intra – FSM trade, but the small land area limits large-scale farming for export.
Farming of giant clams and other marine products has been instituted. Various plans to establish canneries have been discussed, and will be pressed. The outlook for this industry overall is strong. Tourism, also, has seen significant increases in recent years. A number of new, small hotels have opened in Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae with support facilities for diving and other tourist activities. At this time, the challenge in terms of larger-scale investment is to overcome limitations of air transportation, land- use issues and competition with other island destinations closer to tourist markets. These are being addressed.
The Federated States of Micronesia consists of 607 islands extending 2,900 km (1,802 mi) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. The Islands are grouped into four states, which are Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (known as “Ponape” until November 1984), and Kosrae (formerly Kusaie). These four states are each represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei.
Prime Minister for Fiji Islands
Strategically located in the heart of the South Pacific, Fiji offers a cost-competitive location for investors intending to set up offshore operations for the manufacture of advanced technological products for regional and international markets. Fiji has today become an export-driven Economy spurred by high technology, knowledge-based and capital-intensive industries.
There are numerous opportunities in the traditional economic sectors as well as in rapidly emerging sectors like ICT and integrated resort development. Fiji has a proven track record in attracting investors from all over the world, many of whom have re-invested in multiple projects in Fiji.
Land Area: 18,333 square kilometers
Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Islands: Viti Levu and Vanua Levu
Population: Approximately 890,057 (July 2011 est.)
Languages: English (official), Fijian, Hindustani
President of French Polynesia
GDP – XFP 536 million (2006)
GDP per capita – XFP 2.1 million (2006)
Exports (FOB) – XPF 14,386 million (2011)
Main exports (2011) – Pearls and pearl jewellery: 7,320 million
Fish products – 742.7 million XPF
Imports (CIF) – 153,993 million XPF (2011)
Inflation – 1.8% (201)
French Polynesia’s Economy enjoyed consistent growth from 1997 after implementing an economic strategy focusing on the development of tourism, pearl farming and fishing, until the events of 11 September 2001. Tourism and pearl farming continue to be important revenue-earners for French Polynesia.
Total population on 1 January 2010 was 267,000 inhabitants, up from 259,596 at the August 2007 census. At the 2007 census, 68.6% of the population of French Polynesia lived on the island of Tahiti alone. The urban area of Papeetē, the capital city, has 131,695 inhabitants (2007 census). At the 2007 census, 87.3% of people living in French Polynesia were born in French Polynesia, 9.3% were born in metropolitan France, 1.4% were born in overseas France outside of French Polynesia, and 2.0% were born in foreign countries.
Eddie Baza Calvo
Governor of Guam
GDP – US$2.5 billion
GDP per capita – US$15,000 (2005 US Census)
Real GDP growth – nil
Exports – US$45 million (2005)
Main Exports – Fisheries, services, leather products
Imports – US$701 million (2005)
Inflation – 2.5%
Official Name – Guam
Land Area – 549 sq km
Population – 163,456 (2008 estimate). Chamorra 37 percent, Filipino 26 percent.
Capital City – Hagatna (Agana)
Religion – Roman Catholic 85%
Official Languages – English (official), Chamorro, Japanese
Currency – US Dollar
President of Kiribati Island
Kiribati’s Economy faces significant constraints common to other island atoll states. These include its small size, remoteness and geographical fragmentation, a harsh natural environment with infertile soils, limited exploitable resources and the need to create jobs and promote growth for an expanding population. Kiribati relies heavily on fishing licence fees and remittances from Kiribati citizens employed abroad, mainly as seafarers.
Not withstanding its limited range of economic assets, Kiribati has largely had a solid record of financial stability since independence in 1979. Governments have traditionally adopted a cautious approach to domestic spending combined with a deliberate policy of accumulating offshore investments.
The Revenue Equalisation Reserve Fund (RERF), a sovereign wealth fund established in 1956 by the British administration, holds earnings from Kiribati’s phosphate mining (which ceased in 1979).
Kiribati consists of about 32 atolls and one solitary island (Banaba), extending into both the eastern and western hemispheres. The groups of islands are:
- Banaba: An isolated island between Nauru and the Gilbert Islands.
- Gilbert Islands: 16 atolls located some 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) north of Fiji.
- Phoenix Islands: 8 atolls and coral islands located some 1,800 kilometres (1,118 mi) southeast of the Gilberts.
- Line Islands: 8 atolls and one reef, located about 3,300 kilometres (2,051 mi) east of the Gilberts.
Banaba (or Ocean Island) is a raised-coral island which was once a rich source of phosphates, but it was mostly mined out before independence. The rest of the land in Kiribati consists of the sand and reef rock islets of atolls or coral islands which rise only one or two metres above sea level.
The soil is thin and calcareous; it has a low water – holding capacity and small content of organic matter and nutrients, except for calcium, sodium and magnesium, and is regarded as one of least suitable for agriculture in the world.
President of Marshall Islands
GDP – US$173.7 million (2011)
DP per capita – US$3,158 (2011)
Real GDP growth – 5% (2011 projection)
Main Exports – Copra, coconut, chilled and frozen fish
The Economy is dominated by the public sector which accounts for almost half of GDP. US Compact grants make up two thirds of government revenue, and that has sheltered the Marshall Islands somewhat from the affects of the Global Economic Crisis -GDP grew by an estimated 1.5% in 2008, driven by a grant-financed increase in public expenditure.
(ADB – Pacific Economic Monitor).
Located just north of the equator in the Pacific Ocean, the Republic of the Marshall Islands is made up of 1,200 islands, islets and atolls with a land area of 180 square kilometres. The group is spread in two formations, with the eastern groups known as the Ratak (“Sunrise”) chain and the Western groups the Ralik (“Sunset”) chain. The Marshall Islands have low vulnerability to tsunami, earthquakes and landslides, medium vulnerability to cyclones and droughts and high vulnerability to coastal flooding and inadequate supplies of potable water.
Government Website: Click Here
President of Nauru
GDP – AUD$71.984 million (2010)
GDP per capita – AUD$7,213 (2010)
Exports – USD$100.2 million (2009)
Main Exports – Phosphate, fisheries
Imports – USD$145.1 million (2009)
Main Imports – Fuel; food; manufactured products; building materials; machinery from Australia, UK, NZ, and Japan
Nauru has made significant progress towards economic recovery since the Pacific Regional Assistance to Nauru (PRAN) was established in 2004, when Pacific Islands Forum Leaders agreed to the Government of Nauru’s request for regional assistance in the face of Nauru’s failing finances and out-of-control debt.
In August 2009 Leaders agreed with the Government of Nauru that the PRAN was no longer required, as Nauru had emerged successfully from crisis phase.
Under the PRAN, Nauru had developed its own National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) with the assistance of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, ADB and AusAID and brought in external expertise to assist in key government positions.
Improved financial management and public sector reforms instituted by Nauru’s government have been successful in bringing Nauru to a more stable and sound financial position.
Though the majority of Nauru’s primary phosphate reserves were exhausted before independence, mining of Nauru’s remaining (mainly secondary, more difficult to extract) phosphate reserves in 2006 promises a modest source of ongoing income and employment for Nauru. The remaining reserves are projected to last for approximately 20 years, though prices are volatile.
Another important source of income for Nauru is fishing licences issued to China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and New Zealand. Nauru is also a Party to the US Tuna Treaty which provides fisheries access to Pacific island country EEZs for up to 40 US fishing vessels.
Official Name – Republic of Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island)
Land Area – 21 sq km – single raised coral atoll
Population – 10,085 (preliminary 2011 census count)
Capital City – No official capital: Government offices in Yaren District
Religion – Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
Official Languages – English and Nauruan are both official but only English is written. English is widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes.
Currency – Australian dollar
Nauru is a 21 square kilometres (8 sq mi) oval-shaped island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south of the Equator. The island is surrounded by a coral reef, which is exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles. The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island. A fertile coastal strip 150 to 300 metres (490 to 980 ft) wide lies inland from the beach.
Coral cliffs surround Nauru’s central plateau. The highest point of the plateau, called the Command Ridge, is 71 metres (233 ft) above sea level. The only fertile areas on Nauru are on the narrow coastal belt, where coconut palms flourish. The land surrounding Buada Lagoon supports bananas, pineapples, vegetables, pandanus trees, and indigenous hardwoods such as the tomano tree.
Nauru and seven other tuna-rich Pacific Island States are Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA). PNA countries are increasingly working together as a bloc with the aim of extracting more value from their fisheries resources and to ensure that fish stocks are sustainably managed by restricting access.
Nauru’s climate is hot and very humid year-round because of its proximity to the equator and the ocean. Nauru is hit by monsoon rains between November and February, but does not typically experience cyclones. Annual rainfall is highly variable and is influenced by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, with several significant recorded droughts.
The temperature on Nauru ranges between 26 °C (79 °F) and 35 °C (95 °F) during the day and between 22 °C (72 °F) and 34 °C (93 °F) at night. As an island, Nauru is vulnerable to climate and sea level change. Nauru is the seventh most global warming threatened nation due to flooding. At least 80 per cent of the land of Nauru is well elevated, but this area will be uninhabitable until the phosphate mining rehabilitation programme is implemented.
President of New Caledonia
GDP (2010) – XPF 812 billion
GDP per capita (2010) – XPF 3.3 million
Real GDP growth 2010) – 3.7%
Exports (FOB)(2011) – XPF 122 billlion (NZ$1.6 billion approx)
Imports (CIF) (2011) – XPF 317 billion (NZ$4.3 billion approx)
New Caledonia has one of the largest economies in the Pacific Island region, boasting a slightly higher GDP per capita than New Zealand.
Official Name: New Caledonia
Land Area: 19,103 sq km
Population: 245,580 (August 2009 census)
Capital City: Nouméa
Religion: Catholic, Protestant, Muslim
Language: French; 33 Melanesian languages also exist, although some are rarely spoken
Currency: French Pacific Franc (CFP or XPF)
Exchange Rate: XPF 73.44= NZ$1 (June 2012)
EEZ: 1.45 million sq km
New Caledonia is part of Zealandia, a fragment of the ancient Gondwana super-continent. Zealandia separated from Australia 60–85 million years ago. It is speculated that New Caledonia separated from Australia roughly 65 million years ago, subsequently drifting in a north-easterly direction, reaching its present position about 50 million years ago.
The mainland is divided in length by a central mountain range whose highest peak are Mont Panié (1,629 metres (5,344 ft) in the North and Mont Humboldt (1,618 metres (5,308 ft) in the southeast. The east coast is covered by a lush vegetation. The west coast, with its large savannahs and plains suitable for farming, is a drier area. Many ore-rich massifs are found along this coast.
The Diahot River is the longest river of New Caledonia, flowing for some 100 kilometres (62 mi). It has a catchment area of 620 square kilometres (240 sq mi) and opens north-westward into the Baie d’Harcourt, flowing towards the northern point of the island along the western escarpment of the Mount Panié.
Most of the island is covered by wet evergreen forests, while savannahs dominate the lower elevation. The New Caledonian lagoon, with a total area of 24,000 square kilometres (9,300 sq mi) is one of the largest lagoons in the world. It is surrounded by the New Caledonia Barrier Reef.
The climate is tropical, with hot and humid period from November to March with temperatures between 27°C and 30°C, and a cooler, dry period from June to August with temperatures between 20°C and 23°C, linked by two short transition periods. The tropical climate is strongly moderated by the oceanic influence and the trade winds that attenuates humidity, which can be close to 80%. The average annual temperature is 23°C, with historical extremes of 2.3°C and 39.1°C.
The rainfall records show that precipitations differ greatly within the island. The 3,000 millimetres (120 in) of rainfall recorded in Galarino are three times the average of the west coast. There are also dry periods, because of the effects of El Niño. Between December and April, tropical depressions and cyclones can cause winds to exceed a speed of 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) with gusts of 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph) and very abundant rainfall. The last cyclone affecting New Caledonia was Cyclone Vania, in January 2011.
Premier of Niue
Budget – Revenues($15.07m) /Expenditures ($16.33m)
Inflation rates – 4%
Agriculture – Products- coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Industries – Handicraft, food processing
Industries Production Growth Rate - NA%
Exports – $201,400 (2004)
Exports – Commodities: canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Imports – $9.038 million (2004)
Import Commodities – food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
Government Website: Click Here
Republic of Palau
President of Palau
GDP – US$164.29 million (2007)
GDP per capita – US$8,133 (2007)
Real GDP growth – 1% (2008)
Exports – $13.4 million (2005 ABD)
Main Exports – Fish
Imports – $105 million (2005 ABD)
Main Imports – Machinery, Transport, Mineral Fuels, Foodstuffs and live animals
Current Account Balance – US$9.8 million (2007)
Inflation – 4.4% (2006 ABD)
Gross external debt – US$22.9million (2007)
Palau’s main revenue earner is tourism, with the majority of visitors coming from Japan and Taiwan, and significant numbers from Korea and the United States.
Official Name – Republic of Palau
Land Area – More than 300 islands – 487 sq kms
Population – 22,000 (2007
Religion – Christian (Catholics, Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Assembly of God, the Liebenzell Mission, and Latter-Day Saints), Modekngei religion (one-third of the population observes this religion which is indigenous to Palau).
Language – English and Palauan are official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese and English are official).
Currency – US Dollar
Palau’s most populous islands are Angaur, Babeldaob, Koror and Peleliu. The latter three lie together within the same barrier reef, while Angaur is an oceanic island several miles to the south. About two-thirds of the population live on Koror. The coral atoll of Kayangel is North of these islands, while the uninhabited Rock Islands (about 200) are West of the main island group. A remote group of six islands, known as the Southwest Islands, some 375 miles (604 km) from the main islands, make up the states of Hatohobei and Sonsorol.
Papua New Guinea
Prime Minister of PNG
GDP – US$13.4 billion (EIU, 2011 estimate)
GDP growth – 7.0% (2010); Projections of 9.5% (2011, PNG Central Bank), 6.5% (2012, ADB) 20% (2014, IMF).
GDP per capita – US$4,052 (EIU, 2011 estimate)
Exports of Goods (FOB) – US$6.8 billion (EIU 2011 estimate)
Current account balance – K3.56 billion (surplus March 2011)
Total Debt – External debt US$1.58 billion (EIU, 2010 estimate); Foreign exchange reserves US$3.190 billion (2011)
Inflation – 9.0% (2011, Central Bank of PNG)
PNG’s extensive mineral and petroleum deposits (gas, oil, gold and copper) and other natural resources (forests, fisheries) has the potential to provide a strong foundation for prosperity.
Land Area – 462,840 sq km (cf NZ 268,000 sq km)
EEZ – 3.12 million sq km (cf NZ 2.2 million sq km)
Population – 7.1 million (2010, EIU estimate). Population growth 1.94% pa (2012 CIA World Fact Book estimate)
Capital City – Port Moresby
Language – Tok Pisin (Pidgin English), English and Hiri Motu (around Port Moresby), plus over 800 other distinct languages
Currency – PNG Kina (K)
Exchange Rate – K1 = NZ$0.58 (February 2012)
(14,793 ft). Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch, in the interests of preservation.
The country is situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at the point of collision of several tectonic plates. There are a number of active volcanoes, and eruptions are frequent. Earthquakes are relatively common, sometimes accompanied by tsunamis.
Victoria Marguerite Treadell
Governor of Pitcairn Island
The fertile soil of the Pitcairn valleys, such as Isaac’s Valley on the gentle slopes south-east of Adamstown, produces a wide variety of fruits: including bananas (Pitkern: plun), papaya (paw paws), pineapples, mangoes, watermelons, rockmelons, passionfruit, breadfruit, coconuts, avocadoes, and citrus (including oranges, mandarins, grapefruit, lemons and limes); and vegetables include: sweet potatoes (kumura), carrots, sweet corn, tomatoes, taro, yams, peas, and beans. Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) and sugarcane are grown and harvested to produce arrowroot flour and molasses. Pitcairn Island is remarkably productive and its benign climate allows a wide range of tropical and temperate crops to be grown.
Government Website: Click Here
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Prime Minister of Samoa
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2006 was estimated at $1.218 billion USD. The industrial sector is the largest component of GDP at 58.4%, followed by the services sector at 30.2% (2004 est.). Agriculture represents only 11.4% of GDP (2004 est.). Samoan labour force is estimated at 90,000.
The country currency is the Samoan tālā, issued and regulated by the Central Bank of Samoa. The Economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on agriculture and fishing . Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labour force, and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, noni (juice of the nonu fruit, as it is known in Samoan), and copra.
Samoa is located south of the equator, about halfway between Hawai’i and New Zealand in the Polynesian region of the Pacific Ocean. The total land area is 2,934 km² (1,133 sq mi), consisting of the two large islands of Upolu and Savai’i which account for 99% of the total land area, and eight small islets.
These are the three islets in the Apolima Strait (Manono Island, Apolima and Nu’ulopa), the four Aleipata Islands off the eastern end of Upolu (Nu’utele, Nu’ulua, Namua, and Fanuatapu), and Nu’usafe’e (less than 0.01 km² – 2½ acres – in area and about 1.4 km (0.9 mi) off the south coast of Upolu at the village of Vaovai). The main island of Upolu is home to nearly three-quarters of Samoa’s population, and its capital city is Apia.
Gordon Darcy Lilo
Prime Minister of Solomon Islands
Budget-$1.922 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
Inflation rates – 5.5%%
Agriculture – 75%
Industries – 5%
Industries – Fish (tuna), mining, timber
Agriculture – Cacao, coconuts, palm kernels, rice; cattle; timber; fish
Exports – Timber, fish, copra, palm oil
The Solomon Islands is an island nation that lies east of Papua New Guinea and consists of many islands: Choiseul, the Shortland Islands; the New Georgia Islands; Santa Isabel; the Russell Islands; Nggela (the Florida Islands); Malaita; Guadalcanal; Sikaiana; Maramasike; Ulawa; Uki; Makira (San Cristobal); Santa Ana; Rennell and Bellona; the Santa Cruz Islands and three remote, tiny outliers, Tikopia, Anuta, and Fatutaka. The country’s islands lie between latitudes 5° and 13°S, and longitudes 155° and 169°E.
Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao
Prime Minister for Timor Leste
The Economy of East Timor is ranked as a lower-middle income Economy by the World Bank. It is placed 158th by Human Development Index, indicating a low level of human development. 20% of the population is unemployed, and 52.9% lives on less than US $1.25 a day. About half of the population is illiterate.
The country continues to suffer the after effects of a decades-long independence struggle against Indonesia, which damaged infrastructure and displaced thousands of civilians.
In 2007, a bad harvest led to deaths in several parts of Timor-Leste. In November 2007, eleven sub districts still needed food supplied by international aid.
There are no patent laws in East Timor.
|Population:||1,066,582 (2010 Census)|
|Official Languages:||Portuguese and Tétum (national language) Apart from these there are another 15 local dialects|
|Working Languages:||English and Bahasa Indonesian|
|Declaration of Independence:||November 28, 1975|
|Restoration of Independence:||May 20, 2002|
|Date of promulgation of the Constitution:||March 22, 2002, effective since May 20 2002|
|Government System:||Parliamentary Republic|
|Administrative Division:||13 districts, 67 Sub-Districts|
|Ethnic Composition:||Majority of the population is of Malay Polynesian and Papua origin; minorities of Chinese, Arabs and Europeans|
|Religion:||About 90% Catholics; Minorities of Protestants, and Muslims|
|Climate:||Tropical hot and humid; Tropical rains; Moderate in the mountains|
|Currency:||American Dollar (USD)|
|Time Zone:||UTC + 9h (UTC)|
|Internet Code (TLD):||.tl|
|International Telephone Code:||+670|
Southeast Asia (or Oceania depending on definitions), Northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note: East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Ocussi-Ambeno region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Atauro and Jaco.
Map references: 8°50′S 125°55′
Area: Southeast Asia, Wallace
Total: 14,874 km²
Land: 14,874 km²
Water: 0 km²Land boundaries
Total: 228 km (142 mi)
Border countries: Indonesia (228 km or 142 mi)
Maritime claims:706 km (439 mi)
Contiguous zone: 24 nmi
Extended fishing zone: NA nmi
Territorial sea: 12 nmi
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi
Continental shelf: NA nmi
Exclusive economic zone: NA nmi
Prime Minister for Tonga
Industries – Tourism
Industries Production Growth Rate – 0.5% (2012 est.)
Exports- $8.4million (2012 est.)
Exports – Commodities: squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops
Exports – Partners: South Korea 17.8%, US 16.4%, NZ 15.1%, Fiji 10.9%, Japan 9.2%, Samoa 9.1%, American Samoa 5.8%, Australia 5% (2012)
Imports – $121.9 million (2012 est.)
Import Commodities – foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Government Website: Click Here
Head of Tokelauan Government
Tokelau has plans to only use renewable energy. If this is achieved it will be the only nation to have achieved this goal. It is expected that by mid-2012 Tokelau’s electricity supply will be 93% generated by photovoltaics, with the remainder generated from coconut oil. On 7 November 2012, the islands have met these goals and become the first territory in the world to meet all of their electricity needs from solar power, according to the Foreign Affairs Minister of New Zealand, Murray McCully.
Official Name – Tokelau
Land Area – Approximately 12 sq km (3-5 metres above sea-level)
Population – 1411 (Oct 2011 Census), Atafu 482, Fakaofo 490, Nukunonu 397, Samoa 42
Capital City – To the extent that Tokelau can be said to have a capital, this rotates between atolls and is the village of the Ulu
Status – Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory of New Zealand
Religion – Christian (Congregational Christian, Roman Catholic)
Language – Tokelauan and English, Samoan is also widely used
Currency – New Zealand dollar
Exchange Rate – N/A
Prime Minister of Tuvalu
Tuvaluans are well known for their seafaring skills, with the Tuvalu Maritime Training Institute on Amatuki motu (island), Funafuti, providing training to approximately 120 marine cadets each year so that they have the skills necessary for employment as seafarers on merchant shipping. The Tuvalu Overseas Seamen’s Union (TOSU) is the only registered trade union in Tuvalu. It represents workers on foreign ships. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that 800 Tuvaluan men are trained, certified and active as seafarers. The ADB estimates that, at any one time, about 15 percent of the adult male population works abroad as seafarers.
GDP per capita – US$3300 (2011)
Real GDP growth – 1.1% (2011 est)
Exports – $1 million c.i.f. (2010est)
Imports – $12.91 million c.i.f. (2010est)
Main Imports – Food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods
Inflation – 2.6 % (2012 est)
Official Name – Tuvalu
Land Area – 26 sq km – nine islands – 5 atolls and 4 coral islands
Population – 9,847 (2012 est.)
Capital – Fongafale
Main Atoll – Funafuti
Language – English, Tuvaluan (a Polynesian dialect); I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
Currency – Australian Dollar (with Tuvaluan coins circulating on par with Australian coins)
EEZ – 900,000 sq km
Government Website: Click Here
Prime Minister of Vanuatu
In an effort to address key structural problems in the Economy, Vanuatu began a Comprehensive Reform Programme (CRP) in mid 1998, based on three categories of reform: public sector, economic and those promoting equity and social development (supported directly by the ADB through a US$ 25 million loan, and integrated into assistance provided by other donors). Public sector reform aims to improve the institutions of governance by increasing transparency and accountability in public sector management and reductions in the size of the public sector.
- Renewing and rehabilitating the institutions of good governance, including the offices of the Ombudsman, Attorney General, the Auditor General and the Judiciary that collectively ensure accountability in Government.
- Redefining the role for the public sector revolving around the core functions of law and policy design and regulation.
GDP breakdown – Goods 30% Services 70%
GDP per capita – US$2620 (IMF, 2009)
Real GDP Growth – 3.5% (2009); 2.2% (Vanuatu Reserve Bank figures); 3.0% (2011 ADB forecast)
Exports (fob) – Vt$248 million (2010)
Official Name – The Republic of Vanuatu
Land Area – 12,190 sq km – four main islands, eighty smaller islands
Population – 243,000 (2009), 247,000 (2010, IMF estimate) Citizens are known collectively as “ni-Vanuatu”
Capital City – Port Vila, Efate
Religion – Predominantly Christian
Languages – Official languages: Bislama (Pidgin), English and French. There are also approximately 115 local languages in common use.
Currency – Vanuatu Vatu (VT)
Exchange Rate – NZ$1 = 75.48 Vt (as at 1 August 2011)
EEZ – 200nm
Wallis and Futuna
President of Wallis and Futuna
GDP – XPF 18,000 million (2005 estimate)
GDP per capita – XPF 1.2 million per person
Real GDP Growth (annual % change) – n/a
Exports (fob) – Negligible
Main exports – Copra, chemicals, construction materials
Imports (cif) – 5,736 million XPF
Import Commodities- chemicals, machinery, consumer goods
GDP – XPF 18,000 million (2005 estimate)
Inflation – 3.2%
Official Name – Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands, known as Wallis and Futuna
Land Area – 274 km2 on three main islands: Uvea, Futuna and Alofi, and 20 islets
Population – 13,500 (2008 Census) 12,800 (2010 estimate)
Main Town – Mata-Utu (on Uvea Island)
Religion – Roman Catholic
Languages – Wallisian, Futunian, French,
Currency – CFP = French Pacific franc (XPF)
Exchange Rate – CFP 70.71 = NZ$1 (August 2011)
EEZ – 200nm
Government Link: Click Here
Hoorn Islands (Futuna Islands), in the southwest Futuna Alofi