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American Samoa

Lolo Matalasi Moliga
Governer of American Samoa


GDP – US$575 million (2007 estimate, purchasing power parity method).
GDP per capita – US$8,000 per capita (2007 estimate).
Exports – US$446 million (2004 fiscal year estimate).
Main Exports – Canned tuna (93%), fresh fruit and vegetables.
Export Partners – Samoa (40%); Australia (20%); Japan (15%); NZ (11%). (2004).
Imports – US$308.8 million (2004 fiscal year estimate).
Main Imports – Materials for canneries (56%); food; petroleum products; machinery and parts.
Import Partners – Japan (31%); New Zealand (28%); Germany (17%); Australia (9%). (2004).
Inflation – 4.9% (2005).
Budget – US$155 million in income, US$184 million in expenditure (2007 fiscal year).

Economic activity is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa conducts most of its trade. The Pacific tsunami, which struck in September 2009, killed 31 people in American Samoa and caused wide-spread damage to infrastructure, including tuna processing plants which form the backbone of the private sector. Canned tuna has been the Territory’s primary export.

The canneries for several years benefited from tax relief under US “Section 936″ legislation, but closures in 2009 have caused economic stress. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa’s economic well-being, with additional post-disaster support since the tsunami.


Official Name – Territory of American Samoa.
Land Area – 199 sq km (over 5 islands and 2 atolls).
Population – 66,432 (July 2010 estimate).
Capital City – Pago Pago.
Religion – Christian Congregational: 50%, Roman Catholic: 20%, Protestant and other: 30%.
Official Languages – Samoan and English.
Currency – US Dollar.
EEZ – 200 nautical miles.
The population of American Samoa stands at about 55,519 people, 95% of whom live on the largest island, Tutuila. Of the population, 91.6 percent are native Samoans, 2.8% are Asian, 1.1% are Caucasian, 4.2% are Mixed, and 0.3% are of other origin. Samoan, a language closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages, is spoken by 90.6 percent of the people, while 2.9% speak English, 2.4% speak Tongan, 2.1% speak other languages, and 2% speak other Pacific Islander languages, with most people being bilingual. American Samoa is largely Christian (50% Christian Congregationalist, 20% Roman Catholic, 30% Protestant and other).
American Samoa is small enough to have just one ZIP code, 96799, and uses the U.S. Postal Service (state code “AS”) for mail delivery. The Island contains 23 primary schools and 10 secondary schools, 5 are operated by the American Samoa Department of Education and the other 5 are administered by either religious denominations or are privately owned. American Samoa Community College, founded in 1970, provides post-secondary education on the islands.


Government Website: Click Here

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Eloy S. Inos
Governor of the Commonwealth of Northern Marianas


The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands benefits from substantial subsidies and development assistance from the federal government of the United States. The Economy also relies heavily on tourism, especially from Japan, and the rapidly dwindling garment manufacturing sector. The tourism industry has also been dwindling since late 2005. As of late 2006, tourist arrivals fell 15.23% (73,000 potential visitors) from the eleven months prior.

The Northern Mariana Islands had successfully used its position as a free trade area with the U.S. Agricultural production, primarily of tapioca, cattle, coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons, exists, but is relatively unimportant in the Economy.

Non-native Islanders are not allowed to own land, but can lease it.


The Northern Mariana Islands, together with Guam to the South, compose the Mariana Islands. The Southern Islands are limestone, with level terraces and fringing coral reefs. The Northern Islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on Anatahan, Pagan and Agrihan. The volcano on Agrihan has the highest elevation at 3,166 feet
(965 m).

Anatahan Volcano is a small volcanic island 80 miles (130 km) North of Saipan. It is about 6 miles (10 km) long and 2 miles (3 km) wide. Anatahan began erupting suddenly from its east crater on May 10, 2003, at about 6p.m. (0800 UTC). It has since alternated between eruptive and calm periods. On April 6, 2005, approximately 1,800,000 cubic feet (50,970 m3) of ash and rock were ejected, causing a large, black cloud to drift south over Saipan and Tinian.


Government Website: Click Here

Cook Islands

Henry Puna
Prime Minister for Cook Islands


The Economy is strongly affected by geography. Tourism provides the economic base which makes up approximately 67.5% of GDP. The Cook Islands is expanding its agriculture, mining and fishing sectors.


The Cook Islands are in the South Pacific Ocean, Northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and American Samoa. There are 15 major islands spread over 2.2 million km² of ocean, divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands of coral atolls.
The Islands were formed by volcanic activity; the Northern group is older and consists of six atolls, which are sunken volcanoes topped by coral growth. The climate is moderate to tropical.

The 15 islands and two reefs are grouped as follows:

Southern Cook Islands:

Nga-pu-Toru (“Three Roots”, the Eastern Islands):
Atiu (Enua Manu or Island of Birds)
Ma’uke (Akatokamanava)
Mitiaro (Nukuroa)

Northern Cook Islands:

Manihiki (Te Fuinga o Niva)Nassau (Te Nuku o Ngalewu )
Penrhyn Island (Tongareva or Mangarongaro)
Pukapuka (Te Ulu o te Watu)
Rakahanga (Tapuahua)
Suwarrow also called Suvorov
Tema Reef (submerged)

Other Islands:

Aitutaki (Araura Enua)
Mangaia (Auau Enua)
Rarotonga (Tumutevarovaro), with the capital, Avarua.
Palmerston Island (Pamati) sometimes grouped with the Northern Group.
Winslow Reef (submerged)


Government website: Click Here

Federated States of Micronesia

Emanuel Mori
President of Federated States of Micronesia


The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia continues to promote investment in Micronesia. Political stability, democratic government, the FSM/US Compact Relationship and an excellent telecommunications infrastructure are among the many reasons to invest in the FSM.

The national government of the Federated States of Micronesia has three branches: the Executive, Legislative, and the Judiciary.

The sectors which seem to offer the most potential for near – term income generation are Fisheries and Tourism. Agriculture has some potential, particularly for intra – FSM trade, but the small land area limits large-scale farming for export.

FSM has in recent years earned $18-24 million annually in licensing fees paid by foreign vessels for tuna fishing in FSM’s Exclusive Economic Zone. More recently, additional earnings have begun to grow as FSM’s Fishing Corporation and the Yap Fishing Corporation have initiated their own fishing operations together with onshore processing. A Maritime Academy located in Yap is now graduating Micronesians and other Pacific Islanders to serve aboard fishing boats. Direct exports of sashimi-grade fresh tuna by air to Japan account for increasing traffic at the airports.

Farming of giant clams and other marine products has been instituted. Various plans to establish canneries have been discussed, and will be pressed. The outlook for this industry overall is strong. Tourism, also, has seen significant increases in recent years. A number of new, small hotels have opened in Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae with support facilities for diving and other tourist activities. At this time, the challenge in terms of larger-scale investment is to overcome limitations of air transportation, land- use issues and competition with other island destinations closer to tourist markets. These are being addressed.

Geography/ Demographics

The Federated States of Micronesia consists of 607 islands extending 2,900 km (1,802 mi) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. The Islands are grouped into four states, which are Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (known as “Ponape” until November 1984), and Kosrae (formerly Kusaie). These four states are each represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei.

Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here


Voreqe Bainimarama
Prime Minister for Fiji Islands


Strategically located in the heart of the South Pacific, Fiji offers a cost-competitive location for investors intending to set up offshore operations for the manufacture of advanced technological products for regional and international markets. Fiji has today become an export-driven Economy spurred by high technology, knowledge-based and capital-intensive industries.

There are numerous opportunities in the traditional economic sectors as well as in rapidly emerging sectors like ICT and integrated resort development. Fiji has a proven track record in attracting investors from all over the world, many of whom have re-invested in multiple projects in Fiji.

Being a market-oriented Economy and supported by pro-business Government policies, Fiji offers investors a dynamic and vibrant business environment through the efficient regulatory environment, a highly skilled and multi-lingual workforce and a culture of innovation.
Fiji boasts of an unspoiled environment of pristine beauty and is a nature lover’s delight. Located at the crossroads of the Pacific, Fiji is the exotic melting pot of cultures of Fijian, Indian, Chinese, South Sea Islanders and European settlers. Over the years, Fiji has secured its place as a truly advantageous, safe and business-friendly location of unparalleled quality for ALL investors. The country is poised for further growth as it is the major business hub in the Pacific Region.

Geography /Demographics

Land Area: 18,333 square kilometers
Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Islands: Viti Levu and Vanua Levu
Capital: Suva
Population: Approximately 890,057 (July 2011 est.)
Languages: English (official), Fijian, Hindustani

Ethnic Group: Fijian 57.3% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.6%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 3.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2007 census)Religions: Protestant 55.4% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census)
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: The Fiji Government

French Polynesia

Gaston Flosse
President of French Polynesia


GDP – XFP 536 million (2006)
GDP per capita – XFP 2.1 million (2006)
Exports (FOB) – XPF 14,386 million (2011)
Main exports (2011) – Pearls and pearl jewellery: 7,320 million
Fish products – 742.7 million XPF
Imports (CIF) – 153,993 million XPF (2011)
Inflation – 1.8% (201)

French Polynesia’s Economy enjoyed consistent growth from 1997 after implementing an economic strategy focusing on the development of tourism, pearl farming and fishing, until the events of 11 September 2001. Tourism and pearl farming continue to be important revenue-earners for French Polynesia.

In 1880, following the queen’s death, King Pomare V was persuaded to cede Tahiti and most of its dependencies to France. In 1957, all the islands of Tahiti were reconstituted as the overseas French territory called French Polynesia. Since 1984, a statue of autonomy was implemented and, in 1998, French Polynesia became an overseas country with greater self-governing powers through their own Assembly and President. With these powers, the country is now negotiating international agreements with foreign states in matters of commerce and investment.
Since 1962, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural Economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force supports the tourist industry. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are handicrafts, public works projects, aquaculture, pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.


Total population on 1 January 2010 was 267,000 inhabitants, up from 259,596 at the August 2007 census. At the 2007 census, 68.6% of the population of French Polynesia lived on the island of Tahiti alone. The urban area of Papeetē, the capital city, has 131,695 inhabitants (2007 census). At the 2007 census, 87.3% of people living in French Polynesia were born in French Polynesia, 9.3% were born in metropolitan France, 1.4% were born in overseas France outside of French Polynesia, and 2.0% were born in foreign countries.

At the 1988 census, the last census which asked questions regarding ethnicity, 66.5% of people were ethnically unmixed Polynesians, 7.1% were ethnically mixed Polynesians, 11.9% were Europeans (mostly French), 9.3% were people of mixed French and Polynesian descent, the so-called Demis (literally meaning “Half”), and 4.7% were East Asians (mainly Chinese).
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click here


Eddie Baza Calvo
Governor of Guam


GDP – US$2.5 billion
GDP per capita – US$15,000 (2005 US Census)
Real GDP growth – nil
Exports – US$45 million (2005)
Main Exports – Fisheries, services, leather products
Imports – US$701 million (2005)
Inflation – 2.5%

The Guam Economy depends on US military spending, tourism, and the export of fish and handicrafts. Over the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More than one million tourists visit Guam each year (approximately 90% are from Japan). Total US grants, wage payments and procurement outlays amounted to $1.3 billion in 2004.
In late 2003, the Guam Economic Development and Commerce Authority created the Governor’s Economic Stimulus Plan. The list of hub opportunities provided by the Plan include aquaculture; trans-shipment and regional distribution; aviation training; telecommunications; regional solid waste facility; regional arbitration centre; and regional support centre for US companies doing business in Asia.


Official Name – Guam
Land Area – 549 sq km
Population – 163,456 (2008 estimate). Chamorra 37 percent, Filipino 26 percent.
Capital City – Hagatna (Agana)
Religion – Roman Catholic 85%
Official Languages – English (official), Chamorro, Japanese
Currency – US Dollar

A coral table reef with deepwater channels surrounds most of Guam. Sandy beaches, rock cliff lines and mangroves characterize the coastline area. Sheer limestone coastal cliffs dominate the north, while the southern end of the island is mountainous, with lower hills in between.
Guam lies between 13.2°N and 13.7°N and between 144.6°E and 145.0°E, and has an area of 212 square miles (549 km2), making it the 32nd largest island of the United States. It is the southernmost and largest island in the Mariana island chain and is also the largest island in Micronesia. This island chain was created by the colliding Pacific and Philippine Sea tectonic plates. Guam is the closest land mass to the Mariana Trench, a deep subduction zone that lies beside the island chain to the east. Challenger Deep, the deepest surveyed point in the Oceans, is southwest of Guam at 35,797 feet (10,911 m) deep. The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam at an elevation of 1,332 feet (406 metres).
The island of Guam is 30 miles (48 km) long and 4 to 12 miles (6 to 19 km) wide. The island experiences occasional earthquakes due to its location on the western edge of the Pacific Plate and near the Philippine Sea Plate. In recent years, earthquakes with epicenters near Guam have had magnitudes ranging from 5.0 to 8.7. Unlike the Anatahan volcano in the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam is not volcanically active. However, due to its proximity to Anatahan, vog (i.e., volcanic smog) does occasionally affect Guam.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here


Anote Tong
President of Kiribati Island


Kiribati’s Economy faces significant constraints common to other island atoll states. These include its small size, remoteness and geographical fragmentation, a harsh natural environment with infertile soils, limited exploitable resources and the need to create jobs and promote growth for an expanding population. Kiribati relies heavily on fishing licence fees and remittances from Kiribati citizens employed abroad, mainly as seafarers.

Not withstanding its limited range of economic assets, Kiribati has largely had a solid record of financial stability since independence in 1979. Governments have traditionally adopted a cautious approach to domestic spending combined with a deliberate policy of accumulating offshore investments.

The Revenue Equalisation Reserve Fund (RERF), a sovereign wealth fund established in 1956 by the British administration, holds earnings from Kiribati’s phosphate mining (which ceased in 1979).

Source: Australian Government ; Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade


Kiribati consists of about 32 atolls and one solitary island (Banaba), extending into both the eastern and western hemispheres. The groups of islands are:

  • Banaba: An isolated island between Nauru and the Gilbert Islands.
  • Gilbert Islands: 16 atolls located some 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) north of Fiji.
  • Phoenix Islands: 8 atolls and coral islands located some 1,800 kilometres (1,118 mi) southeast of the Gilberts.
  • Line Islands: 8 atolls and one reef, located about 3,300 kilometres (2,051 mi) east of the Gilberts.

Banaba (or Ocean Island) is a raised-coral island which was once a rich source of phosphates, but it was mostly mined out before independence. The rest of the land in Kiribati consists of the sand and reef rock islets of atolls or coral islands which rise only one or two metres above sea level.

The soil is thin and calcareous; it has a low water – holding capacity and small content of organic matter and nutrients, except for calcium, sodium and magnesium, and is regarded as one of least suitable for agriculture in the world.

Kiritimati (Christmas Island) in the Line Islands is the world’s largest atoll. Based on a 1995 realignment of the International Date Line, Kiribati is now the easternmost country in the world, and the Line Islands are the first area to enter into a new year, including year 2000. For that reason, Caroline Island has been renamed Millennium Island. The majority of Kiribati, including the capital, is not first, for example New Zealand (UTC+13 in January) has an earlier new year. According to the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (previously South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)), two small uninhabited Kiribati islets, Tebua Tarawa and Abanuea, disappeared underwater in 1999. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that sea levels will rise by about 50 cm (20 in) by 2100 due to global warming and a further rise would be inevitable. It is thus likely that within a century the nation’s arable land will become subject to increased soil salination and will be largely submerged. However, sea-level rise may not necessarily mean Kiribati will be inundated.Paul Kench at the University of Auckland in New Zealand and Arthur Webb at the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission in Fiji released a study in 2010 on the dynamic response of reef islands to sea level rise in the central Pacific. Kiribati was mentioned in the study, and Webb and Kench found that the three major urbanised islands in Kiribati – Betio, Bairiki and Nanikai – increased by 30% (36 hectares), 16.3% (5.8 hectares) and 12.5% (0.8 hectares), respectively.

The Kiribati Adaptation Program (KAP) is a US$5.5 million initiative that was originally enacted by the national government of Kiribati with the support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, and the Japanese Government. Australia later joined the coalition, donating US$1.5 million to the effort. The program aims to take place over 6 years, supporting measures that reduce Kiribati’s vulnerability to the effects of climate change and sea level rise by raising awareness of climate change, assessing and protecting available water resources, and managing inundation. At the start of the Adaptation Program, representatives from each of the inhabited atolls identified key climatic changes that had taken place over the past 20–40 years, and proposed coping mechanisms to deal with these changes fewer than four categories of urgency of need.
The program is now focusing on the country’s most vulnerable sectors in the most highly populated areas. Initiatives include improving water supply management in and around Tarawa; coastal management protection measures such as mangrove re-plantation and protection of public infrastructure; strengthening laws to reduce coastal erosion; and population settlement planning to reduce personal risks. Kiribati is the only country in all four nominal hemispheres.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here

Marshall Islands

Christopher Loeak
President of Marshall Islands


GDP – US$173.7 million (2011)
DP per capita – US$3,158 (2011)
Real GDP growth – 5% (2011 projection)
Main Exports – Copra, coconut, chilled and frozen fish

The Economy is dominated by the public sector which accounts for almost half of GDP. US Compact grants make up two thirds of government revenue, and that has sheltered the Marshall Islands somewhat from the affects of the Global Economic Crisis -GDP grew by an estimated 1.5% in 2008, driven by a grant-financed increase in public expenditure.

Under the renewed Compact, funds are also allocated to a Trust Fund where it is intended they will build up and eventually provide an alternative source of income for the Marshalls when the Compact expires. The government is continuing a broad-based public sector reform programme. Efforts are guided by the recommendations of the Comprehensive Adjustment Program Advisory Group, which identified expenditure rationalisation that could achieve savings of $4.0 to $10.5 million within 3 years.
The Tax and Revenue Reform and Modernisation Commission, which recommended revenue potential. Actions under the Marshall Energy Company Comprehensive Recovery Program are also leading the re invigoration of the state-owned enterprise. The reforms are critical to addressing impediments to private sector-led economic growth arising from weaknesses in the revenue and public expenditure.
(ADB – Pacific Economic Monitor).


Located just north of the equator in the Pacific Ocean, the Republic of the Marshall Islands is made up of 1,200 islands, islets and atolls with a land area of 180 square kilometres. The group is spread in two formations, with the eastern groups known as the Ratak (“Sunrise”) chain and the Western groups the Ralik (“Sunset”) chain. The Marshall Islands have low vulnerability to tsunami, earthquakes and landslides, medium vulnerability to cyclones and droughts and high vulnerability to coastal flooding and inadequate supplies of potable water.


Government Website: Click Here


Baron Waqa
President of Nauru


GDP – AUD$71.984 million (2010)
GDP per capita – AUD$7,213 (2010)
Exports – USD$100.2 million (2009)
Main Exports – Phosphate, fisheries
Imports – USD$145.1 million (2009)
Main Imports – Fuel; food; manufactured products; building materials; machinery from Australia, UK, NZ, and Japan

Nauru has made significant progress towards economic recovery since the Pacific Regional Assistance to Nauru (PRAN) was established in 2004, when Pacific Islands Forum Leaders agreed to the Government of Nauru’s request for regional assistance in the face of Nauru’s failing finances and out-of-control debt.

In August 2009 Leaders agreed with the Government of Nauru that the PRAN was no longer required, as Nauru had emerged successfully from crisis phase.

Under the PRAN, Nauru had developed its own National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) with the assistance of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, ADB and AusAID and brought in external expertise to assist in key government positions.

Improved financial management and public sector reforms instituted by Nauru’s government have been successful in bringing Nauru to a more stable and sound financial position.

Though the majority of Nauru’s primary phosphate reserves were exhausted before independence, mining of Nauru’s remaining (mainly secondary, more difficult to extract) phosphate reserves in 2006 promises a modest source of ongoing income and employment for Nauru. The remaining reserves are projected to last for approximately 20 years, though prices are volatile.

Another important source of income for Nauru is fishing licences issued to China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and New Zealand. Nauru is also a Party to the US Tuna Treaty which provides fisheries access to Pacific island country EEZs for up to 40 US fishing vessels.


Official Name – Republic of Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island)
Land Area – 21 sq km – single raised coral atoll
Population – 10,085 (preliminary 2011 census count)
Capital City – No official capital: Government offices in Yaren District
Religion – Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
Official Languages – English and Nauruan are both official but only English is written. English is widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes.
Currency – Australian dollar

Nauru is a 21 square kilometres (8 sq mi) oval-shaped island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south of the Equator. The island is surrounded by a coral reef, which is exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles. The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island. A fertile coastal strip 150 to 300 metres (490 to 980 ft) wide lies inland from the beach.

Coral cliffs surround Nauru’s central plateau. The highest point of the plateau, called the Command Ridge, is 71 metres (233 ft) above sea level. The only fertile areas on Nauru are on the narrow coastal belt, where coconut palms flourish. The land surrounding Buada Lagoon supports bananas, pineapples, vegetables, pandanus trees, and indigenous hardwoods such as the tomano tree.

Nauru and seven other tuna-rich Pacific Island States are Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA). PNA countries are increasingly working together as a bloc with the aim of extracting more value from their fisheries resources and to ensure that fish stocks are sustainably managed by restricting access.

Nauru’s climate is hot and very humid year-round because of its proximity to the equator and the ocean. Nauru is hit by monsoon rains between November and February, but does not typically experience cyclones. Annual rainfall is highly variable and is influenced by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, with several significant recorded droughts.

The temperature on Nauru ranges between 26 °C (79 °F) and 35 °C (95 °F) during the day and between 22 °C (72 °F) and 34 °C (93 °F) at night. As an island, Nauru is vulnerable to climate and sea level change. Nauru is the seventh most global warming threatened nation due to flooding. At least 80 per cent of the land of Nauru is well elevated, but this area will be uninhabitable until the phosphate mining rehabilitation programme is implemented.


Government Website : Click Here

New Caledonia

Harold Martin
President of New Caledonia


GDP (2010) – XPF 812 billion
GDP per capita (2010) – XPF 3.3 million
Real GDP growth 2010) – 3.7%
Exports (FOB)(2011) – XPF 122 billlion (NZ$1.6 billion approx)
Imports (CIF) (2011) – XPF 317 billion (NZ$4.3 billion approx)

New Caledonia has one of the largest economies in the Pacific Island region, boasting a slightly higher GDP per capita than New Zealand.


Official Name: New Caledonia
Land Area: 19,103 sq km
Population: 245,580 (August 2009 census)
Capital City: Nouméa
Religion: Catholic, Protestant, Muslim
Language: French; 33 Melanesian languages also exist, although some are rarely spoken
Currency: French Pacific Franc (CFP or XPF)
Exchange Rate: XPF 73.44= NZ$1 (June 2012)
EEZ: 1.45 million sq km

New Caledonia is part of Zealandia, a fragment of the ancient Gondwana super-continent. Zealandia separated from Australia 60–85 million years ago. It is speculated that New Caledonia separated from Australia roughly 65 million years ago, subsequently drifting in a north-easterly direction, reaching its present position about 50 million years ago.

The mainland is divided in length by a central mountain range whose highest peak are Mont Panié (1,629 metres (5,344 ft) in the North and Mont Humboldt (1,618 metres (5,308 ft) in the southeast. The east coast is covered by a lush vegetation. The west coast, with its large savannahs and plains suitable for farming, is a drier area. Many ore-rich massifs are found along this coast.

The Diahot River is the longest river of New Caledonia, flowing for some 100 kilometres (62 mi). It has a catchment area of 620 square kilometres (240 sq mi) and opens north-westward into the Baie d’Harcourt, flowing towards the northern point of the island along the western escarpment of the Mount Panié.


Government Website: Click Here

Most of the island is covered by wet evergreen forests, while savannahs dominate the lower elevation. The New Caledonian lagoon, with a total area of 24,000 square kilometres (9,300 sq mi) is one of the largest lagoons in the world. It is surrounded by the New Caledonia Barrier Reef.


The climate is tropical, with hot and humid period from November to March with temperatures between 27°C and 30°C, and a cooler, dry period from June to August with temperatures between 20°C and 23°C, linked by two short transition periods. The tropical climate is strongly moderated by the oceanic influence and the trade winds that attenuates humidity, which can be close to 80%. The average annual temperature is 23°C, with historical extremes of 2.3°C and 39.1°C.

The rainfall records show that precipitations differ greatly within the island. The 3,000 millimetres (120 in) of rainfall recorded in Galarino are three times the average of the west coast. There are also dry periods, because of the effects of El Niño. Between December and April, tropical depressions and cyclones can cause winds to exceed a speed of 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) with gusts of 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph) and very abundant rainfall. The last cyclone affecting New Caledonia was Cyclone Vania, in January 2011.


Toke Talagi
Premier of Niue


Budget – Revenues($15.07m) /Expenditures ($16.33m)
Inflation rates – 4%
Agriculture – Products- coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Industries – Handicraft, food processing
Industries Production Growth Rate - NA%
Exports – $201,400 (2004)
Exports – Commodities: canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Imports – $9.038 million (2004)
Import Commodities – food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs

Government Website: Click Here

Republic of Palau

Tommy Remengesau
President of Palau


GDP – US$164.29 million (2007)
GDP per capita – US$8,133 (2007)
Real GDP growth – 1% (2008)
Exports – $13.4 million (2005 ABD)
Main Exports – Fish
Imports – $105 million (2005 ABD)
Main Imports – Machinery, Transport, Mineral Fuels, Foodstuffs and live animals
Current Account Balance – US$9.8 million (2007)
Inflation – 4.4% (2006 ABD)
Gross external debt – US$22.9million (2007)

Palau’s main revenue earner is tourism, with the majority of visitors coming from Japan and Taiwan, and significant numbers from Korea and the United States.

Palau has a rich fishery resource which is critical to domestic food supply. Locally based tuna shipping companies export sashimi grade tuna, mainly to Japan. The licensing of vessels from United States, Japan, Taiwan and the PRC is still a significant source of foreign exchange. The turnaround in tourism firmed in mid-2010 with arrivals from Japan, Palau’s primary market, up by 28% in May 2010 on a year-on-year basis.


Official Name – Republic of Palau
Land Area – More than 300 islands – 487 sq kms
Population – 22,000 (2007
Religion – Christian (Catholics, Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Assembly of God, the Liebenzell Mission, and Latter-Day Saints), Modekngei religion (one-third of the population observes this religion which is indigenous to Palau).
Language – English and Palauan are official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese and English are official).
Currency – US Dollar

Palau’s most populous islands are Angaur, Babeldaob, Koror and Peleliu. The latter three lie together within the same barrier reef, while Angaur is an oceanic island several miles to the south. About two-thirds of the population live on Koror. The coral atoll of Kayangel is North of these islands, while the uninhabited Rock Islands (about 200) are West of the main island group. A remote group of six islands, known as the Southwest Islands, some 375 miles (604 km) from the main islands, make up the states of Hatohobei and Sonsorol.

Papua New Guinea

Peter O’Neill
Prime Minister of PNG


GDP – US$13.4 billion (EIU, 2011 estimate)
GDP growth – 7.0% (2010); Projections of 9.5% (2011, PNG Central Bank), 6.5% (2012, ADB) 20% (2014, IMF).
GDP per capita – US$4,052 (EIU, 2011 estimate)
Exports of Goods (FOB) – US$6.8 billion (EIU 2011 estimate)
Current account balance – K3.56 billion (surplus March 2011)
Total Debt – External debt US$1.58 billion (EIU, 2010 estimate); Foreign exchange reserves US$3.190 billion (2011)
Inflation – 9.0% (2011, Central Bank of PNG)
PNG’s extensive mineral and petroleum deposits (gas, oil, gold and copper) and other natural resources (forests, fisheries) has the potential to provide a strong foundation for prosperity.

Boosted by strong commodity prices, PNG has maintained strong real GDP growth in recent years (annual growth rates averaging 6.35% between 2007 and 2010). The PNG Central Bank projected a growth rate of 9.5% in 2011 fueled by strong consumption and investment in the natural resources sector.
An Exxon Mobil-led consortium has embarked on a US$15 billion Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) project in the Southern Highlands with production to begin in 2014. Other major LNG projects are being advanced and have the potential to contribute significantly to Papua New Guinea’s Economy.
Economic activity is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa conducts most of its trade. The Pacific tsunami, which struck in September 2009, killed 31 people in American Samoa and caused wide-spread damage to infrastructure, including tuna processing plants which form the backbone of the private sector. Canned tuna has been the Territory’s primary export.
The canneries for several years benefited from tax relief under US “Section 936″ legislation, but closures in 2009 have caused economic stress. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa’s economic well-being, with additional post-disaster support since the tsunami.


Official Name – The Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Land Area – 462,840 sq km (cf NZ 268,000 sq km)
EEZ – 3.12 million sq km (cf NZ 2.2 million sq km)
Population – 7.1 million (2010, EIU estimate). Population growth 1.94% pa (2012 CIA World Fact Book estimate)
Capital City – Port Moresby
Language – Tok Pisin (Pidgin English), English and Hiri Motu (around Port Moresby), plus over 800 other distinct languages
Currency – PNG Kina (K)
Exchange Rate – K1 = NZ$0.58 (February 2012)
At 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the world’s fifty-fourth largest country. Including all its islands, it lies between latitudes 0° and 12°S, and longitudes 140° and 160°E. The country’s geography is diverse and, in places, extremely rugged. A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region mostly covered with tropical rainforest, and the long Papuan Peninsula, known as the ‘Bird’s Tail’. Dense rainforests can be found in the low land and coastal areas as well as very large wetland areas surrounding the Sepik and Fly rivers. This terrain has made it difficult for the country to develop transportation infrastructure.
In some areas, airplanes are the only mode of transport. The highest peak is Mount Wilhelm at 4,509 metres
(14,793 ft). Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch, in the interests of preservation.

The country is situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at the point of collision of several tectonic plates. There are a number of active volcanoes, and eruptions are frequent. Earthquakes are relatively common, sometimes accompanied by tsunamis.

The mainland of the country is the eastern half of New Guinea island, where the largest towns are also located, including the capital Port Moresby and Lae; other major islands within Papua New Guinea include New Ireland, New Britain, Manus and Bougainville. Papua New Guinea is one of the few regions close to the equator that experience snowfall, which occurs in the most elevated parts of the mainland.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here

Pitcairn Islands

Victoria Marguerite Treadell
Governor of Pitcairn Island


The fertile soil of the Pitcairn valleys, such as Isaac’s Valley on the gentle slopes south-east of Adamstown, produces a wide variety of fruits: including bananas (Pitkern: plun), papaya (paw paws), pineapples, mangoes, watermelons, rockmelons, passionfruit, breadfruit, coconuts, avocadoes, and citrus (including oranges, mandarins, grapefruit, lemons and limes); and vegetables include: sweet potatoes (kumura), carrots, sweet corn, tomatoes, taro, yams, peas, and beans. Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) and sugarcane are grown and harvested to produce arrowroot flour and molasses. Pitcairn Island is remarkably productive and its benign climate allows a wide range of tropical and temperate crops to be grown.

Fish are plentiful in the seas around Pitcairn. Spiny lobster and a large variety of fish are caught for meals and for trading aboard passing ships. Almost every day someone will go fishing, whether it is from the rocks, from a longboat or diving with a spear gun. There are numerous types of fish around the island.
Fish such as nanwee, white fish, moi and opapa are caught in shallow water, while snapper, big eye and cod are caught in deep water, and yellow tail and wahoo are caught by trawling. A range of minerals including manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver and zinc have been discovered within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which extends 370 km offshore and comprises 880,000 km2.

Geography/ Demographics

The Pitcairn Islands form the Southeastern most extension of the geological archipelago of the Tuamotus of French Polynesia, and consist of four islands: Pitcairn Island, Oeno Island (atoll with five islets, one of which is Sandy Island), Henderson Island and Ducie Island (atoll with four islets).The only permanently inhabited island, Pitcairn, is accessible only by boat through Bounty Bay.
Henderson Island, covering about 86% of the territory’s total land area and supporting a rich variety of animals in its nearly inaccessible interior, is also capable of supporting a small human population, but access is difficult, owing to its outer shores being steep limestone cliffs covered by sharp coral. In 1988 this island was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Pitcairn Islands were formed by a centre of upwelling magma called the Pitcairn hotspot.


Government Website: Click Here


Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Prime Minister of Samoa


Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2006 was estimated at $1.218 billion USD. The industrial sector is the largest component of GDP at 58.4%, followed by the services sector at 30.2% (2004 est.). Agriculture represents only 11.4% of GDP (2004 est.). Samoan labour force is estimated at 90,000.

The country currency is the Samoan tālā, issued and regulated by the Central Bank of Samoa. The Economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on agriculture and fishing . Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labour force, and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, noni (juice of the nonu fruit, as it is known in Samoan), and copra.

Outside of a large automotive wire harness factory (Yazaki Corporation), the manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. Tourism is an expanding sector which now accounts for 25% of GDP. Tourist arrivals have been increasing over the years with more than 100,000 tourists visiting the islands in 2005, up from 70,000 in 1996.


Samoa is located south of the equator, about halfway between Hawai’i and New Zealand in the Polynesian region of the Pacific Ocean. The total land area is 2,934 km² (1,133 sq mi), consisting of the two large islands of Upolu and Savai’i which account for 99% of the total land area, and eight small islets.

These are the three islets in the Apolima Strait (Manono Island, Apolima and Nu’ulopa), the four Aleipata Islands off the eastern end of Upolu (Nu’utele, Nu’ulua, Namua, and Fanuatapu), and Nu’usafe’e (less than 0.01 km² – 2½ acres – in area and about 1.4 km (0.9 mi) off the south coast of Upolu at the village of Vaovai). The main island of Upolu is home to nearly three-quarters of Samoa’s population, and its capital city is Apia.

The Samoan Islands have been produced by vulcanism, the source of which is the Samoa hotspot which is probably the result of a mantle plume. While all of the islands have volcanic origins, only Savai’i, the western most island in Samoa, is volcanically active with the most recent eruptions in Mt Matavanu (1905–1911), Mata o le Afi (1902) and Mauga Afi (1725). The highest point in Samoa is Mt Silisili, at 1858 m (6,096 ft). The Saleaula lava fields situated on the central north coast of Savai’i are the result of the Mt Matavanu eruptions which left 50 km² (20 sq mi) of solidified lava.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website:Click Here

Solomon Islands

Gordon Darcy Lilo
Prime Minister of Solomon Islands


Budget-$1.922 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
Inflation rates – 5.5%%
Agriculture – 75%
Industries – 5%
Industries – Fish (tuna), mining, timber
Agriculture – Cacao, coconuts, palm kernels, rice; cattle; timber; fish
Exports – Timber, fish, copra, palm oil


The Solomon Islands is an island nation that lies east of Papua New Guinea and consists of many islands: Choiseul, the Shortland Islands; the New Georgia Islands; Santa Isabel; the Russell Islands; Nggela (the Florida Islands); Malaita; Guadalcanal; Sikaiana; Maramasike; Ulawa; Uki; Makira (San Cristobal); Santa Ana; Rennell and Bellona; the Santa Cruz Islands and three remote, tiny outliers, Tikopia, Anuta, and Fatutaka. The country’s islands lie between latitudes 5° and 13°S, and longitudes 155° and 169°E.

The distance between the Westernmost and Easternmost islands is about 1,500 kilometres (930 mi). The Santa Cruz Islands (of which Tikopia is part), are situated north of Vanuatu and are especially isolated at more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the other islands. Bougainville is geographically part of the Solomon Islands, but politically Papua New Guinea. The islands’ ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and few extremes of temperature or weather. June through August is the cooler period. Though seasons are not pronounced, the Northwesterly winds of November through April bring more frequent rainfall and occasional squalls or cyclones. The annual rainfall is about 3,050 millimetres (120 in).
The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion, which also includes the islands of Bougainville and Buka; these forests have come under pressure from forestry activities. The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighbouring archipelago of Vanuatu. Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic (there are volcanoes with varying degrees of activity on some of the larger islands) to relatively infertile limestone. More than 230 varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. The islands contain several active and dormant volcanoes. The Tinakula and Kavachi volcanoes are the most active.
Northeast of Australia in the South Pacific, the Solomon Islands chain consists of six main islands that are volcanic, mountainous, and forested, Guadalcanal is the most populous island. A strategic battleground during World War II, the islands gained independence from Britain in 1978. About 85 percent of the islanders are Melanesians, who speak some 92 indigenous languages.


Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao
Prime Minister for Timor Leste


The Economy of East Timor is ranked as a lower-middle income Economy by the World Bank. It is placed 158th by Human Development Index, indicating a low level of human development. 20% of the population is unemployed, and 52.9% lives on less than US $1.25 a day. About half of the population is illiterate.

The country continues to suffer the after effects of a decades-long independence struggle against Indonesia, which damaged infrastructure and displaced thousands of civilians.

In 2007, a bad harvest led to deaths in several parts of Timor-Leste. In November 2007, eleven sub districts still needed food supplied by international aid.

There are no patent laws in East Timor.

Area: 15.007 Km2
Population: 1,066,582 (2010 Census)
Capital: Díli
Nationality: Timorese
Official Languages: Portuguese and Tétum (national language) Apart from these there are another 15 local dialects
Working Languages: English and Bahasa Indonesian
Declaration of Independence: November 28, 1975
Restoration of Independence: May 20, 2002
Date of promulgation of the Constitution: March 22, 2002, effective since May 20 2002
Government System: Parliamentary Republic
Administrative Division: 13 districts, 67 Sub-Districts


Ethnic Composition: Majority of the population is of Malay Polynesian and Papua origin; minorities of Chinese, Arabs and Europeans
Religion: About 90% Catholics; Minorities of Protestants, and Muslims
Climate: Tropical hot and humid; Tropical rains; Moderate in the mountains
Currency: American Dollar (USD)
Time Zone: UTC + 9h (UTC)
Internet Code (TLD): .tl
International Telephone Code: +670

Geography/ Demographics


Southeast Asia (or Oceania depending on definitions), Northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note: East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Ocussi-Ambeno region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Atauro and Jaco.

Geographic coordinates
Map references: 8°50′S 125°55′
Area: Southeast Asia, Wallace
Total: 14,874 km²
Land: 14,874 km²
Water: 0 km²Land boundaries
Total: 228 km (142 mi)
Border countries: Indonesia (228 km or 142 mi)

Maritime claims:706 km (439 mi)
Contiguous zone: 24 nmi
Extended fishing zone: NA nmi
Territorial sea: 12 nmi
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi
Continental shelf: NA nmi
Exclusive economic zone: NA nmi
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment website: Click Here


Siale’ataongo Tu’ivakano
Prime Minister for Tonga


Industries – Tourism

Industries Production Growth Rate – 0.5% (2012 est.)

Exports- $8.4million (2012 est.)

Exports – Commodities: squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops

Exports – Partners: South Korea 17.8%, US 16.4%, NZ 15.1%, Fiji 10.9%, Japan 9.2%, Samoa 9.1%, American Samoa 5.8%, Australia 5% (2012)

Imports – $121.9 million (2012 est.)

Import Commodities – foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals

Government Website: Click Here


Saesio Lui
Head of Tokelauan Government


Tokelau has plans to only use renewable energy. If this is achieved it will be the only nation to have achieved this goal. It is expected that by mid-2012 Tokelau’s electricity supply will be 93% generated by photovoltaics, with the remainder generated from coconut oil. On 7 November 2012, the islands have met these goals and become the first territory in the world to meet all of their electricity needs from solar power, according to the Foreign Affairs Minister of New Zealand, Murray McCully.


Official Name – Tokelau
Land Area – Approximately 12 sq km (3-5 metres above sea-level)
Population – 1411 (Oct 2011 Census), Atafu 482, Fakaofo 490, Nukunonu 397, Samoa 42
Capital City – To the extent that Tokelau can be said to have a capital, this rotates between atolls and is the village of the Ulu
Status – Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory of New Zealand
Religion – Christian (Congregational Christian, Roman Catholic)
Language – Tokelauan and English, Samoan is also widely used
Currency – New Zealand dollar
Exchange Rate – N/A

Tokelau includes three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean between longitudes 171° and 173° W and between latitudes 8° and 10° S, about midway between Hawaii and New Zealand. They lie about 500 km (311 mi) north of Samoa. The atolls are Atafu, Nukunonu, both in a group of islands once called the Duke of Clarence Group, and Fakaofo, once Bowditch Island. Their combined land area is 10.8 km2 (4 sq mi). There are no ports or harbours. Tokelau lies in the Pacific tropical cyclone belt.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here


Enele Sopoaga
Prime Minister of Tuvalu


Tuvaluans are well known for their seafaring skills, with the Tuvalu Maritime Training Institute on Amatuki motu (island), Funafuti, providing training to approximately 120 marine cadets each year so that they have the skills necessary for employment as seafarers on merchant shipping. The Tuvalu Overseas Seamen’s Union (TOSU) is the only registered trade union in Tuvalu. It represents workers on foreign ships. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that 800 Tuvaluan men are trained, certified and active as seafarers. The ADB estimates that, at any one time, about 15 percent of the adult male population works abroad as seafarers.

GDP – US$36 million (2012)
GDP per capita – US$3300 (2011)
Real GDP growth – 1.1% (2011 est)
Exports – $1 million c.i.f. (2010est)
Main Exports – Copra, fish
Imports – $12.91 million c.i.f. (2010est)
Main Imports – Food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods
Inflation – 2.6 % (2012 est)


Official Name – Tuvalu
Land Area – 26 sq km – nine islands – 5 atolls and 4 coral islands
Population – 9,847 (2012 est.)
Capital – Fongafale
Main Atoll – Funafuti
Language – English, Tuvaluan (a Polynesian dialect); I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
Currency – Australian Dollar (with Tuvaluan coins circulating on par with Australian coins)
EEZ – 900,000 sq km


Government Website: Click Here

Tuvalu consists of three reef islands and six true atolls. Its small, scattered group of atolls have poor soil and a total land area of only about 26 square kilometres (less than 10 sq. mi) making it the fourth smallest country in the world. The islets that form the atolls are very low lying. Nanumanga, Niutao, Niulakita are reef islands and the six true atolls are Funafuti, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae and Vaitupu. Funafuti is the largest atoll of the nine low reef islands and atolls that form the Tuvalu volcanic island chain. It comprises numerous islets around a central lagoon that is approximately 25.1 kilometres (15.6 miles) (N–S) by 18.4 kilometres (11.4 miles) (W-E), centred on 179°7′E and 8°30′S. On the atolls, an annular reef rim surrounds the lagoon with several natural reef channels.


Joe Natuman
Prime Minister of Vanuatu


In an effort to address key structural problems in the Economy, Vanuatu began a Comprehensive Reform Programme (CRP) in mid 1998, based on three categories of reform: public sector, economic and those promoting equity and social development (supported directly by the ADB through a US$ 25 million loan, and integrated into assistance provided by other donors). Public sector reform aims to improve the institutions of governance by increasing transparency and accountability in public sector management and reductions in the size of the public sector.

Central to CRP is:

  • Renewing and rehabilitating the institutions of good governance, including the offices of the Ombudsman, Attorney General, the Auditor General and the Judiciary that collectively ensure accountability in Government.
  • Redefining the role for the public sector revolving around the core functions of law and policy design and regulation.

SOURCE: Government of Vanuatu- Millennium Development Goal Report

GDP – US$648 million (IMF, 2009)
GDP breakdown – Goods 30% Services 70%
GDP per capita – US$2620 (IMF, 2009)
Real GDP Growth – 3.5% (2009); 2.2% (Vanuatu Reserve Bank figures); 3.0% (2011 ADB forecast)
Exports (fob) – Vt$248 million (2010)


Official Name – The Republic of Vanuatu
Land Area – 12,190 sq km – four main islands, eighty smaller islands
Population – 243,000 (2009), 247,000 (2010, IMF estimate) Citizens are known collectively as “ni-Vanuatu”
Capital City – Port Vila, Efate
Religion – Predominantly Christian
Languages – Official languages: Bislama (Pidgin), English and French. There are also approximately 115 local languages in common use.
Currency – Vanuatu Vatu (VT)
Exchange Rate – NZ$1 = 75.48 Vt (as at 1 August 2011)
EEZ – 200nm

Vanuatu is an island archipelago consisting of approximately 82 relatively small, geologically newer islands of volcanic origin (65 of them inhabited), with about 800 miles (1,300 km) North to South distance between the outermost islands. Two of these islands (Matthew and Hunter) are also claimed by France as part of the French collectivity of New Caledonia. Fourteen of Vanuatu’s islands have surface areas of more than 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi). The country lies between latitudes 13° and 21°S, and longitudes 166° and 171°E. From largest to smallest, these are Espiritu Santo, Malakula, Efate, Erromango, Ambrym, Tanna, Pentecost, Epi, Ambae or Aoba, Vanua Lava, Gaua, Maewo, Malo, and Anatom or Aneityum. The nation’s largest towns are the capital Port Vila, situated on Efate, and Luganville on Espiritu Santo. The highest point in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana, at 1,879 metres (6,165 ft), on the island of Espiritu Santo.
Vanuatu’s total area is roughly 12,274 square kilometres (4,739 sq mi) of which its land base is very limited (roughly 4,700 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi)); most of the islands are steep, with unstable soils, and little permanent freshwater.One estimate (2005) is only 9% of land is used for agriculture (7% permanent crops, 2% arable land). The shoreline is usually rocky with fringing reefs and no continental shelf, dropping rapidly into the ocean depths. There are several active volcanoes in Vanuatu, including Lopevi, as well as several underwater ones. Volcanic activity is common with an ever-present danger of a major eruption; a recent nearby undersea eruption of 6.4 magnitude occurred in November 2008 with no casualties, and an eruption occurred in 1945. Vanuatu is recognised as a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, known as the Vanuatu rain forests. It is part of the Australasia ecozone, which includes New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand.

Vanuatu’s growing population (estimated in 2008 at 2.4% annually) is placing increased pressure on local resources for agriculture, grazing, hunting, and fishing. Some 90% of Ni-Vanuatu households fish and consume fish, which has caused intense fishing pressure near villages and the depletion of near-shore fish species. While well vegetated, most islands also show signs of deforestation. They have been logged (particularly of higher-value timber), subjected to wide-scale slash-and-burn agriculture, converted to coconut plantations and cattle ranches, and show evidence of increased soil erosion and landslides.
Freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce and many upland watersheds are being deforested and degraded. Proper waste disposal and water and air pollution are also increasingly troublesome issues around urban areas and large villages. Additionally, the lack of employment opportunities in industry and urban areas and inaccessibility to markets have combined to lock rural families into a subsistence or self-reliance mode, putting tremendous pressure on local ecosystems.
Source: WIKIPEDIAGovernment Website: Click Here

Wallis and Futuna

Francois Hollande
President of Wallis and Futuna


GDP – XPF 18,000 million (2005 estimate)
GDP per capita – XPF 1.2 million per person
Real GDP Growth (annual % change) – n/a
Exports (fob) – Negligible
Main exports – Copra, chemicals, construction materials
Imports (cif) – 5,736 million XPF
Import Commodities- chemicals, machinery, consumer goods
GDP – XPF 18,000 million (2005 estimate)
Inflation – 3.2%


Official Name – Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands, known as Wallis and Futuna
Land Area – 274 km2 on three main islands: Uvea, Futuna and Alofi, and 20 islets
Population – 13,500 (2008 Census) 12,800 (2010 estimate)
Main Town – Mata-Utu (on Uvea Island)
Religion – Roman Catholic
Languages – Wallisian, Futunian, French,
Currency – CFP = French Pacific franc (XPF)
Exchange Rate – CFP 70.71 = NZ$1 (August 2011)
EEZ – 200nm

Wallis and Futuna is located about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand, at 13°18′S 176°12′WCoordinates: 13°18′S 176°12′W, (225 mi west of Samoa and 300 mi (480 km) North-east of Fiji).The territory includes the island of Uvéa (the most populous), the Island of Futuna, the essentially uninhabited Island of Alofi (the population of Alofi was reportedly eaten by the cannibal people of Futuna in one single raid in the 19th century), and 20 uninhabited islets, totaling 274 square kilometres (106 sq mi) with 129 kilometres (80 mi) of coastline. The highest point in the territory is Mont Puke (on the island of Futuna) at 524 metres (1,719 ft).

The islands have a hot, rainy season from November to April and a cool, dry season from May to October. The rains accumulate 2,500 to 3,000 millimetres (98–118 in) each year. The average humidity is 80% and the temperature 26.6 °C (79.9 °F). Only five percent of the islands’ land area is arable land; permanent crops cover another 20%. Deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain), largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source, is a serious problem; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion. There are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources.Source: WIKPEDIA

Government Link: Click Here

The two island groups lie about 260 km apart:Wallis Islands (Uvea), in the northeast Wallis Island (Uvea)
Hoorn Islands (Futuna Islands), in the southwest Futuna Alofi

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